In late 2018 Congress passed the 2018 Agricultural Improvement Act (also known as the “Farm Bill”) which federally legalized hemp and hemp-derived products. Due to the 2018 Farm Bill, companies selling hemp-derived products have popped up all over the country, and as a result you may have noticed more talk of hemp and cannabidiol (CBD) in daily life.
Some states have also legalized recreational marijuana, which has caused a large amount of national debate. Taken together, all of this legalization and discussion can leave people feeling overwhelmed and confused. If you feel this way, then you have come to the right place.
We created this page so that you can begin to understand the difference between hemp and marijuana, CBD and THC, and feel confident in your purchases from Hózhó. Read on to begin your hemp education!
Hemp, Marijuana, and CBD
The first step is understanding the differences between hemp and marijuana. Both hemp and marijuana are forms of the Cannabis sativa plant, but they are grown for entirely different purposes. All cannabis plants feature cannabinoids, which are natural chemicals that can affect humans. Cannabis plants can be cultivated to maximize certain cannabinoids and minimize the prevalence of others, which creates the differences in the effects of hemp and marijuana.
The primary difference between hemp and marijuana is that marijuana is usually grown for recreational purposes, while hemp is grown for industrial or even medical purposes. Marijuana plants typically contain high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is a cannabinoid with psychoactive effects. The psychoactive nature of THC causes intoxication and can create a “high” feeling in people who consume it. The presence of THC is the primary reason that marijuana remains illegal at a federal level.
In contrast to marijuana, hemp is grown in a way that minimizes the amount of THC in the plant. In fact, to be considered “industrial hemp” in the United States, a cannabis plant must contain no more than 0.03% THC. Hemp is grown for numerous purposes, and is used in food, clothing, fuel, and even construction. One of the primary reasons hemp is currently grown is for the production of CBD and CBD-related products.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid found naturally in cannabis plants. Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychoactive effects. CBD and the other non-intoxicating cannabinoids found in broad spectrum CBD oils are believed to have potential health benefits, and many people use CBD products in daily life.
Although marijuana legalization has occurred on a state-by-state basis, the 2018 Farm Bill was the first major piece of federal legislation to recognize the difference between marijuana and hemp. As a result of the Farm Bill, it is now legal to purchase and use hemp and hemp-derived products (such as CBD oil) anywhere in the United States. At Hózhó, we are proud to sell products that maximize the amount of full-spectrum CBD while also reducing the level of THC found in the product to 0.0%.
The Endocannabinoid System
When most people first learn about hemp and CBD, they are often surprised to learn that the human body not only creates its own cannabinoids, but also has an entire system for regulating cannabinoids. This system, called the endocannabinoid system, operates similarly to the endocrine system, which regulates hormones in the body. The endocannabinoid system features many cannabinoid receptors, all of which help to regulate body functions such as cell lifespan, sleep, mood, appetite, pain response, inflammation, and more.
In order for the endocannabinoid system to function, the body creates cannabinoids, which are molecular compounds that transmit signals through the receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Cannabinoids that naturally arise in the human body or the bodies of animals are called endocannabinoids, while cannabinoid molecules created by plants are known as phytocannabinoids.
Like endocannabinoids, phytocannabinoids act on the cannabinoid receptors in the body which is how phytocannabinoids such as CBD can affect body functions and responses. Medical experts are still researching the exact ways that CBD affects the body, and there are only a limited number of completed research articles to date. While there is some anecdotal evidence that CBD may have effects on seizures, sleep, anxiety, inflammation and pain, further medical research is required. We plan to update our readers as and when corresponding medical research on these areas is published.
You should always consult your doctor before trying CBD or hemp products, or in the event of any adverse reaction. You and your doctor know and understand your body best, which means that you are the only ones qualified to determine if CBD is right for you. In order to assist you with this decision, Hózhó aims to offer information on CBD, as well as links to the latest research and other educational articles.
The name Hózhó comes from Navajo Native American culture and refers to the interconnectedness between beauty, harmony, and nature that results in health and well-being for all.
We strive to provide superior organic full-spectrum CBD products which is why all of the hemp used in our products is organic and grown on farms in Colorado where the Colorado Department of Agriculture regularly tests the hemp plants to ensure that they contain less than 0.3% THC. Our full-spectrum Phytocannabinoid-Rich (PCR) Hemp Oil is made using a patent-pending chromatographic purification process that selectively removes the remaining THC component. Our PCR Hemp Oil contains as much as ten times the concentration of CBD that is found in generic industrial hemp, but contains 0.0% THC so that it does not cause any psychoactive effects, or “high”.
We believe in total transparency which is why all of our products are laboratory tested, certified THC-Free, and analyzed to ensure that they do not contain any other contaminants. This information can be found in the Certificate of Analysis for each batch of products and is available on our website.
If you would like to purchase CBD and hemp oil products, then please browse the options available on our site. Explore our site to learn more about hemp, CBD and Hózhó, and feel free to contact us if you have any questions.
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